How Periodontal Disease WorksPeriodontal disease sounds complicated, but really the concept is one you are already pretty familiar with. Think about how tooth decay works – bad bacteria in the form of plaque and tartar build up on teeth that don’t receive enough oral hygiene maintenance. When you don’t brush and floss regularly, plaque builds up and eventually starts to eat away at the enamel of your teeth. This is how tooth decay works. Periodontal disease works in basically the same way. As you allow plaque and tartar to build up on your teeth, it affects your gums negatively, infecting them.
Eventually, bacterial build up will start to occur below the gum line, which irritates and infects the gums. This plaque and tartar buildup below that gum line is a serious issue because it’s not something that you can really clean. Your brush isn’t designed to get below the gums, so the bacterial buildup is free to continue to perpetuate itself.
The Stages of Gum DiseaseThere are two stages of periodontal disease – early stage, known as gingivitis, and late stage, known as periodontal disease. As with all dental issues it’s best to catch gum disease in the early stage. With gum disease it’s even more important that we catch it in the early stage because of the fact that gingivitis can be cured. If the malady has a chance to progress into periodontal disease it will be something that you will have to live with for the rest of your life.
Telltale Signs of Gum DiseaseIt can be hard to know if you have gum disease as it’s not common for it to cause discomfort in patient’s. Instead things you should be looking out for include:
|•||Receding gum line|
|•||Pus in gums|
|•||A change in your bite|
|•||Mouth sores that do not heal within two weeks|